The relevant UK research councils are the AHRC & ESRC which offer funding for major research projects, research fellowships and postgraduate scholarships (for master and doctoral degrees). The latter are mostly from block grants accessed through specific universities, though there are some open scholarships that can be applied for directly.
The British Academy also offers a range of research grants, from major project grants (up to £150k) to senior research fellowships (with Leverhulme), and postdoctoral fellowships, to small research grants, and grants for conferences, visiting scholars, travel awards, etc.
In addition there are independent UK foundations that support research. The most relevant is the The Leverhulme Trust which offers grants under a number of categories including major projects (up to £500k), research, early career, study abroad and visiting fellowships, and international network (collaborative research) grants. Others include: the Nuffield Foundation, oriented towards the law, education, families and society; The Wolfson Foundation, mainly science and medicine and infrastructure, but including research professorships in the arts; the Wellcome Trust, funding medical research including the history of medicine and bioethics; and the Thomson Foundation, supporting media and journalism, and including Xinhua as a partner.
The Universities China Committee in London (UCCL) offers small grants (up to £1.5k) mainly for research visits between China and the UK (deadlines end of February, May, August, October)
The Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation offers a range of grants for research projects (up to EUR120k) institutional staffing (to EUR140k) research fellowships, doctoral / postdoctoral scholarships, and conference and publication grants.
National Central Library (Taiwan) Centre for Chinese Studies Research Grant Programme. The scheme offers a return economy air fare and a monthly allowance for between 3-12 months, for staff or doctoral students in Chinese Studies undertaking research in Taiwan. 31 May annual deadline. Latest document from the TRO is here.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) Taiwan Fellowships
Available to foreign experts and scholars wishing to conduct advanced research on Taiwan, cross-strait relations, mainland China, Asia –Pacific region and Chinese studies at universities or academic institutions in Taiwan for 3-12 month visits. Application deadline: 15th July.
The Taiwan Scholarship Programme, sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Republic of China (Taiwan), provides opportunities for international students to study in Taiwan. The next deadline for submitting applications is Friday 31st March, 2017. Those intending to apply are encouraged to sit the Test of Chinese as a Foreign Language.
The Advanced Training Programme for Mandarin Teachers 2017, sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Republic of China (Taiwan), provides partial support for teachers of Mandarin as a foreign language to undertake short-term training in Taiwan. The next deadline for registering is 28 February 2017.
Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation / EACS Library Travel Grants: the European Association of Chinese Studies (EACS) administers a travel grant on behalf of the Chiang-Ching Kuo Foundation for postgraduate students of Chinese Studies at European universities wishing to visit other European libraries with Chinese Studies collections. Application deadlines are: 15th March, 15th June, 15th September and 15th December every year.
The Study China Programme offers undergraduate students the opportunity for a three week study period in China at Easter or Summer. The scheme meets the costs in China, but applicants have to fund their travel cost to China.
Annual grant or grants for scholars pursuing studies in Chinese medicine, Tibetan Buddhism, or Chinese Language (Philology, Drama & Poetry, History & Literature).
BACS is not aware of any dedicated fund available to help finance Chinese Studies at the undergraduate level in the UK.